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Post Do the Abrahamic Religions all Worship the Same God?
Created by John Eipper on 01/24/15 4:26 AM

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Do the Abrahamic Religions all Worship the Same God? (A. J. Cave, USA, 01/24/15 4:26 am)

Do Jews, Christians, and Muslims worship the same God?

In one word: Yes.

It is a common question that reflects the contentious relationship between these monotheistic religions.

I don't presume to speak for Muslims, but I think at least those who are a little familiar with the (Noble) Qur'an know of Sura 29:46, translated into English as: "we believe in that which has been sent to us and sent to you. And our God and your God is one," interpreted as Muslims believe in the books (scripture) of the People of the Book (Arabic: ahl_e Kitab or Ketab)--the followers of the Hebrew Bible and the Christian New Testament--and have the same God. The ruling Muslim Arabs grudgingly added the Persian Zoroastrians in the "People of the Book" category later, even though they continued to humiliate and persecute them.

I won't bring up history. But for those who are genuinely interested in understanding the relationship between these religions, a rudimentary knowledge of the bloody historical events that unfolded between the warring Persian and Roman Empires of the 7th century CE is a must.

Since my interest is historical, I leave the fuller philosophical and theological discussion of Abrahamic religions to others. I recommend Alain de Benoist's paper on "What is Religion" that was circulated a few years back, which discusses the more fundamental topic of religion.

JE comments:  I'll second A. J. Cave's view and add that my interpretation here, like hers, is historical.  Alain de Benoist's 2009 essay "What is Religion?" can be accessed here.  The embedded link has gone dormant, but the entire text is contained within the post:


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  • Monotheism and Polytheism (John Heelan, -UK 01/24/15 3:48 PM)
    I opened A. J. Cave's comment of 24 January with a great deal of hope for historical clarification from a scholar of the ancient Middle East of the original Semitic term "El' for God or any god and the grammatical confusion of "elohim" that can render it as God, god or gods (e.g. YaHWe and the pantheon of Canaanite gods). The distinction seems important in a discussion that examines the existence of one overall God, multiple gods as in Hinduism or "One God with different interpretations."

    Perhaps it will follow later.

    Then in the One God/multiple gods discussion, one needs to examine the origin of the mythology of the multiple Greek gods who often seem to be in conflict with each other. Did this mythology not stem from some eight centuries BCE? Does not the myth say that Zeus became the "Father of the Gods" after slaying the Titans (and his father Cronus)? If he had been all-powerful, there would not have been a need for battle.

    The subject is all very confusing and tends to reflect irrational belief rather than reality. I recommend Karen Armstrong's The History of God (1993) for those interested in the God(s?) of the Abrahamic religions.

    JE comments:  Allow me to put in an enthusiastic plug for Ed Jajko's post of this morning.  I believe John Heelan will find some answers.  Ed addresses the "El/Elohim" matter, and reaches the conclusion that even when grammatically expressed in the plural, it's a singular "royal we."


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