Login/Sign up

World Association of International Studies

Post ITALY: Cavour and the Pope
Created by Ronald Hilton on 05/22/03 2:44 AM

Previous posts in this discussion:


ITALY: Cavour and the Pope (Ronald Hilton, USA, 05/22/03 2:44 am)

Again we are indebted to John Gehl for reminding us of an important historical figure, the Piedmontese statesman Camillo Benso, Conte di Cavour (1810-1861), who was largely responsible for unifying Italy under the House of Savoy, with Victor Emmanuel II as king and himself as prime minister of the new kingdom of Italy. Born in Turin, the son of a prominent family, Cavour attended the Military Academy of Turin, receiving the training that later qualified him for a commission in the corps of engineers. In 1824 he became a page to Prince Charles Albert of Sardinia-Piedmont, but two years later because of his liberal tendencies he was banished from the conservative Turin court and prevented from taking part in official political life for almost two decades. In 1830 he went to Genoa as a military engineer, where he became involved in radical politics. He visited England and France before returning home in 1835 to become a financier and industrialist. In 1847 he founded the liberal newspaper, Il Risorgimento, and in 1848 he was elected to parliament. Two years later he was made minister of agriculture, industry, and commerce, and then in 1852 named premier by the new king of Sardinia-Piedmont, Victor Emmanuel II.

In 1859 he won the support of Napoleon III of France for the liberation of northern Italy by a joint war against Austria. In the drive for Italian unification, the diplomacy of Cavour was matched by the military exploits of the revolutionary hero, Garibaldi. Cavour sent an army under Victor Emmanuel o take possession of the Papal States, thereby removing the last obstacle to the unification of Italy. Convinced that only Rome could be the capital of the new state, Cavour had to decide the position to be assigned to the Pope, Pius IX, who had voluntarily imprisoned himself in the Vatican. Cavour's proposal was for "a free church in a free state," but he died before any action could be taken. The status of the Pope and the confiscated Papal States remained unresolved until the Lateran Treaty concluded under Benito Mussolini in 1929. see The Life and Times of Cavour by William Roscoe Thayer (http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/1410202615/newsscancom/ref=nosim)

Do not dismiss this as history, which is not toast. It is in the minds of present-day Italians, and explains why the Pope's recent address to the Italian parliament was such a historic event. It represented the final reconciliation of church and state.

Rate this post
Informational value 
Reader Ratings (0)
Informational value0%

Visits: 1


Please login/register to reply or comment: Login/Sign up

Trending Now

All Forums with Published Content (46745 posts)

- Unassigned

Culture & Language

American Indians Art Awards Bestiary of Insults Books Conspiracy Theories Culture Ethics Film Food Futurology Gender Issues Humor Intellectuals Jews Language Literature Media Coverage Movies Music Newspapers Numismatics Philosophy Plagiarism Prisons Racial Issues Sports Tattoos Western Civilization World Communications


Capitalism Economics International Finance World Bank World Economy


Education Hoover Institution Journal Publications Libraries Universities World Bibliography Series


Biographies Conspiracies Crime Decline of West German Holocaust Historical Figures History Holocausts Individuals Japanese Holocaust Leaders Learning Biographies Learning History Russian Holocaust Turkish Holocaust


Afghanistan Africa Albania Algeria Argentina Asia Australia Austria Bangladesh Belgium Belize Bolivia Brazil Canada Central America Chechnya Chile China Colombia Costa Rica Croatia Cuba Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark East Europe East Timor Ecuador Egypt El Salvador England Estonia Ethiopia Europe European Union Finland France French Guiana Germany Greece Guatemala Haiti Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran (Persia) Iraq Ireland Israel/Palestine Italy Japan Jordan Kenya Korea Kosovo Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Latin America Liberia Libya Mali Mexico Middle East Mongolia Morocco Namibia Nations Compared Netherlands New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria North America Norway Pacific Islands Pakistan Palestine Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Polombia Portugal Romania Saudi Arabia Scandinavia Scotland Serbia Singapore Slovakia South Africa South America Southeast Asia Spain Sudan Sweden Switzerland Syria Thailand The Pacific Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan UK (United Kingdom) Ukraine USA (America) USSR/Russia Uzbekistan Venezuela Vietnam West Europe Yemen Yugoslavia Zaire


Balkanization Communism Constitutions Democracy Dictators Diplomacy Floism Global Issues Hegemony Homeland Security Human Rights Immigration International Events Law Nationalism NATO Organizations Peace Politics Terrorism United Nations US Elections 2008 US Elections 2012 US Elections 2016 US Elections 2020 Violence War War Crimes Within the US


Christianity Hinduism Islam Judaism Liberation Theology Religion

Science & Technology

Alcohol Anthropology Automotives Biological Weapons Design and Architecture Drugs Energy Environment Internet Landmines Mathematics Medicine Natural Disasters Psychology Recycling Research Science and Humanities Sexuality Space Technology World Wide Web (Internet)


Geography Maps Tourism Transportation


1-TRIBUTES TO PROFESSOR HILTON 2001 Conference on Globalizations Academic WAR Forums Ask WAIS Experts Benefactors Chairman General News Member Information Member Nomination PAIS Research News Ronald Hilton Quotes Seasonal Messages Tributes to Prof. Hilton Varia Various Topics WAIS WAIS 2006 Conference WAIS Board Members WAIS History WAIS Interviews WAIS NEWS waisworld.org launch WAR Forums on Media & Research Who's Who