Login/Sign up

World Association of International Studies

Post Genoese Colonies on the Black Sea
Created by John Eipper on 09/13/23 3:40 AM

Previous posts in this discussion:


Genoese Colonies on the Black Sea (Eugenio Battaglia, Italy, 09/13/23 3:40 am)

Several times on WAIS I have mentioned the Genoese (and Venetian) colonies in the Eastern Mediterranean, Sea of Azov, and the Black Sea in the period from 1000 to 1500.

This week a Turkish delegation headed by the Turkish Vice Minister for Culture and Tourism Gokhan Yazgi will arrive in Genoa.

The purpose of the visit is the recovery and revitalization of the old Genoese fortifications in Turkey to turn them into a cultural patrimony for Unesco.

The Genoese colonies generally were not a military occupation of a large territory, but a concession for commercial activities. It was in a district of the town with a road reaching the sea (Ruga Genuensium) with arcades housing scagni (shops/offices) plus the Genoese town hall and a church. The fortunes of Genoa (and all of Liguria) started with the First Crusade, but the Genoese presence was also in Africa, Arabic Spain including Gibraltar, and France including Monaco.

In Turkey mainly in Constantinople (Istanbul), Chios and Izmir, Genoese communities remained even after the Ottoman Empire had consolidated its conquest. The Catholic Genoese still numbered some 15,000 in 1933, but following the 1955 Istanbul Troubles, many left their homes and at present only about one thousand still reside in Istanbul and Izmir.

Odessa in Ukraine was officially built in 1794 but there already was an old Genoese colony called Ginestra (Spanish or Scotch broom). The founder was the Russian admiral José de Ribas, born in Naples from a family originating in Spain.  The song "O Sole Mio" by Di Capua was written in Odessa. Not only Ukraine but also Russia, Abkhazia, and Georgia should join such a cultural enterprise.

Oh, do not forget that Venetian colonies were also also present on the shores of the Black Sea and Sea of Azov.

JE comments: Interestingly, the Genoese and Venetian models of colonization were closer to present-day "neocolonialism" than the later colonies established by Spain, France and England.  Namely, set up shop but don't occupy and subjugate the entire territory.  Eugenio, would you agree with this assessment?  What can you tell us about the governing structure of the Italian colonizers and the locals?  Was it a relationship of equals or were the Italians in charge?

I bet very few of you knew that the iconic Neapolitan song "O sole mio" was inspired by a sunrise in...Odessa.  Eugenio, you teach us something nearly every day:


Rate this post
Informational value 
Reader Ratings (0)
Informational value0%

Visits: 35


Please login/register to reply or comment: Login/Sign up

Trending Now

All Forums with Published Content (46745 posts)

- Unassigned

Culture & Language

American Indians Art Awards Bestiary of Insults Books Conspiracy Theories Culture Ethics Film Food Futurology Gender Issues Humor Intellectuals Jews Language Literature Media Coverage Movies Music Newspapers Numismatics Philosophy Plagiarism Prisons Racial Issues Sports Tattoos Western Civilization World Communications


Capitalism Economics International Finance World Bank World Economy


Education Hoover Institution Journal Publications Libraries Universities World Bibliography Series


Biographies Conspiracies Crime Decline of West German Holocaust Historical Figures History Holocausts Individuals Japanese Holocaust Leaders Learning Biographies Learning History Russian Holocaust Turkish Holocaust


Afghanistan Africa Albania Algeria Argentina Asia Australia Austria Bangladesh Belgium Belize Bolivia Brazil Canada Central America Chechnya Chile China Colombia Costa Rica Croatia Cuba Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark East Europe East Timor Ecuador Egypt El Salvador England Estonia Ethiopia Europe European Union Finland France French Guiana Germany Greece Guatemala Haiti Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran (Persia) Iraq Ireland Israel/Palestine Italy Japan Jordan Kenya Korea Kosovo Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Latin America Liberia Libya Mali Mexico Middle East Mongolia Morocco Namibia Nations Compared Netherlands New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria North America Norway Pacific Islands Pakistan Palestine Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Polombia Portugal Romania Saudi Arabia Scandinavia Scotland Serbia Singapore Slovakia South Africa South America Southeast Asia Spain Sudan Sweden Switzerland Syria Thailand The Pacific Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan UK (United Kingdom) Ukraine USA (America) USSR/Russia Uzbekistan Venezuela Vietnam West Europe Yemen Yugoslavia Zaire


Balkanization Communism Constitutions Democracy Dictators Diplomacy Floism Global Issues Hegemony Homeland Security Human Rights Immigration International Events Law Nationalism NATO Organizations Peace Politics Terrorism United Nations US Elections 2008 US Elections 2012 US Elections 2016 US Elections 2020 Violence War War Crimes Within the US


Christianity Hinduism Islam Judaism Liberation Theology Religion

Science & Technology

Alcohol Anthropology Automotives Biological Weapons Design and Architecture Drugs Energy Environment Internet Landmines Mathematics Medicine Natural Disasters Psychology Recycling Research Science and Humanities Sexuality Space Technology World Wide Web (Internet)


Geography Maps Tourism Transportation


1-TRIBUTES TO PROFESSOR HILTON 2001 Conference on Globalizations Academic WAR Forums Ask WAIS Experts Benefactors Chairman General News Member Information Member Nomination PAIS Research News Ronald Hilton Quotes Seasonal Messages Tributes to Prof. Hilton Varia Various Topics WAIS WAIS 2006 Conference WAIS Board Members WAIS History WAIS Interviews WAIS NEWS waisworld.org launch WAR Forums on Media & Research Who's Who