Previous posts in this discussion:
PostWhat Are the Causes of the Current Gaza Crisis? (José Ignacio Soler, Venezuela, 05/18/21 5:28 am)
Apart from feeling sadness about the deaths of innocent people in the endless conflict between Israel and Palestine, and before condemning the alleged disproportional military reaction by the Israeli government, it is perhaps necessary to consider some important causes of the current escalation of hostilities.
It is true that the expansionist territorial policy of Israel since its modern foundation and the displacement and marginalization of Arabs and Palestinians have caused resentment, hatred, the violent reaction of this population and constant harassment from the radical groups Al-Fatah, Hamas, Al-Qaeda, jihadists and nationalists. But it is also true that due to the way they act, these groups must be classified as terrorists.
I have also read that the real cause of this situation must be the mismanagement of the situation in the Middle East, specifically the decadent British imperialism during and after World War II. In short, better informed and studious people have analyzed this situation and I cannot add much more.
Of course, I understand that the first reaction that one feels is sympathy for the weaker adversary, but apart from this first emotional reaction, it is necessary to understand what is happening.
I do not seek to justify Israel's attacks on the Palestinians, but rather to understand them within the current and historical context. We must then ask ourselves if a state can be condemned for defending itself against attacks on its population, by terrorist groups that unscrupulously hide among its own innocent population? Should we have to question the scale of their military responses? What is considered disproportionate? This may be the case with regard to the deployment of military resources, and above all with the obvious consequence of the number of victims. However, although I am not an expert on military affairs, I suppose that you must act forcefully to end a conflict as quickly as possible if you want to reduce the number of victims. At least that has been the political justification that has been used historically to avoid long-term conflicts.
Furthermore, I imagine that it will be very difficult or impossible to identify those responsible for the aggression hidden among the civilian population. To avoid these innocent victims, possibly a hidden purpose of terrorist groups to arouse the sympathy of the international community, the only possible reaction should be precisely not to act, to tolerate the attacks and provocations, something that I suppose Israel cannot afford to do, leaving its own population defenseless.
I believe, although with certain doubts and skepticism, that Israel could avoid these conflicts if it ceased its expansionist policies and made greater concessions to the Palestinians, but that topic is something for another discussion.
JE comments: A truism of asymmetric warfare: the civilian population suffers the most. It was the case in partisan WWII, in Vietnam, and certainly in Israel-Palestine.
Regarding the cause(s) of the present flare-up, might Netanyahu have sought a distraction from his own political troubles? There's nothing like a war to focus the mind.