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PostFranco and the Papacy (Paul Preston, -UK, 02/17/13 5:22 am)
To add to Robert Whealey's post of 16 February, Franco saw the liberal changes introduced by John XXIII as proof of the successful infiltration of the Vatican by Freemasons and Communists. He was equally convinced that Paul VI was the puppet of Freemasons and Communists, but then again, he thought the same of J.F. Kennedy and the IMF.
JE comments: Give me that Old Time Religion! It's almost quaint to recall the days when monarchists and authoritarian conservatives in Catholic countries viewed Freemasonry with such suspicion. Presently the Masons are perceived as no more subversive than your local Chamber of Commerce.
I'm presently doing research on the 19th-century Mexican politician Ignacio Ramírez, El Nigromante, the principal theoretician of the 1857 Reforma laws. Ramírez was a Mason, as was Benito Juárez, which inspired the ire of the Church hierarchy and conservative politicians.
It's been four or five years since we've heard from James S. Foote, our in-house expert on Freemasonry. James, if you're out there, please drop us a line!