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PostItaly's 1947 Constitution and "Socializzazione" (Eugenio Battaglia, Italy, 11/17/21 2:30 am)
Commenting on my post of 14 November, our esteemed moderator asked: "I am intrigued that any remnant of the Mussolini regime could sneak into the "lay, antifascist" Italian constitution of 1947."
Well, all the specific social legislation remained alive, even if now it has been badly weakened.
Anyway, Article 46 of the Italian Constitution (never applied, as both the communist-dominated unions and their capitalist antagonist enjoy "class warfare") states:
"In order to achieve the economic and social elevation of work and in harmony with the necessities of production, the Republic recognizes the right of the workers to cooperate, within the manners and the limits established by law, with the management of enterprises."
Even if it is far away from the Socializzazione of the RSI period, it still leaves a little opening: Evidently in 1947 when the Constitution was drafted there were still some wise men among the "Founding Fathers."
JE comments: Here is the original text of Article 46:
Ai fini della elevazione economica e sociale del lavoro e in armonia con le esigenze della produzione, la Repubblica riconosce il diritto dei lavoratori a collaborare, nei modi e nei limiti stabiliti dalle leggi, alla gestione delle aziende.
One's interpretation hinges on collaborare: Does it mean work in harmony? Or does it legally give workers a spot at the management table? It also could be a recognition of the right to unionize. Or, as so often happens with legal documents, it means all these things and none of them.
Here's the full text of the constitution, all 70 pages of it: