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PostItalian Socializzazione: No More Class Conflict (Eugenio Battaglia, Italy, 11/14/21 3:17 am)
I highly appreciated the post of Jordì Molins, 13 November. However, I would say that his point of view is Capitalism's point of view, the polar opposite of the Marxist point of view.
Both systems create conflicts between the entrepreneurs and the workers (producers), the disastrous class warfare.
Jordi is correct about executives/entrepreneurs, but they are usually are on the side of capitalism. In Italy, extreme capitalism has created a situation by which the capitalists try to screw the workers (producers), the workers try to screw the capitalists, and both try to screw the state, resulting in great harm to the nation.
In my opinion, there is a third solution: Socialization.
The Fascist Socialization was the logical and rational solution, that on the one hand avoids bureaucratization through the totalitarianism of the state, and on the other hand overcomes the individualism/egotism of the liberal economy.
In the Italian Constitution 1948 there is article 46, never applied, that remains open to Socializzazione.
Historically, Socializzazione was applied in early 1944 when, finally free from the compromises with the Monarchy, Republican Fascism could finally enact its social revolution. In spite of the fact that the war was going badly, Socializzazione could have remained as the safety net for the Italian nation. The first thing done by Communist partisans on 25 April 1945 was abolish it.
Socialization was initially welcomed, but the communist terrorists started a ferocious slaughter of the pro-Socializzazione workers, and in accord with most of the great Italian double-dealing capitalists they started a denigrating campaign, as it was claimed to be nothing more than a trick to continue the war.
Socializzazione (the "humanism of work" according to the philosopher Giovanni Gentile) allowed private property but within the interests of the nation. The worker (producer) became part of the management, and shared the property and of the economic results of production.
No longer were there two classes fighting each other, as both had the same goals and the motivation for screwing each other became void and null. Only one class existed, cooperating for the common good of the nation.
JE comments: Mainstream history sees the Salò Republic as nothing more than a corrupt and ephemeral Nazi puppet. Few beyond our own Eugenio Battaglia have come to its defense, but the scenario described above did survive for a time in Perón's Argentina (the "Third Path"). And it worked well for the first five or so years, but then, alas, the economy collapsed and the army moved in.
Eugenio, one detail I didn't know is that Italy's 1948 constitution still has an allowance for Socializzazione. Can you give us more details? In particular, I'm intrigued that any remnant of the Mussolini regime could sneak into the "lay, anti-fascist" document.
Italy's 1947 Constitution and "Socializzazione"
(Eugenio Battaglia, Italy
11/17/21 2:30 AM)
Commenting on my post of 14 November, our esteemed moderator asked: "I am intrigued that any remnant of the Mussolini regime could sneak into the "lay, antifascist" Italian constitution of 1947."
Well, all the specific social legislation remained alive, even if now it has been badly weakened.
Anyway, Article 46 of the Italian Constitution (never applied, as both the communist-dominated unions and their capitalist antagonist enjoy "class warfare") states:
"In order to achieve the economic and social elevation of work and in harmony with the necessities of production, the Republic recognizes the right of the workers to cooperate, within the manners and the limits established by law, with the management of enterprises."
Even if it is far away from the Socializzazione of the RSI period, it still leaves a little opening: Evidently in 1947 when the Constitution was drafted there were still some wise men among the "Founding Fathers."
JE comments: Here is the original text of Article 46:
Ai fini della elevazione economica e sociale del lavoro e in armonia con le
esigenze della produzione, la Repubblica riconosce il diritto dei lavoratori a collaborare, nei modi e nei limiti stabiliti dalle leggi, alla gestione
One's interpretation hinges on collaborare: Does it mean work in harmony? Or does it legally give workers a spot at the management table? It also could be a recognition of the right to unionize. Or, as so often happens with legal documents, it means all these things and none of them.
Here's the full text of the constitution, all 70 pages of it: