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PostThe Armenian Genocide Continued after the Ottoman Defeat (Massoud Malek, USA, 04/28/21 3:54 am)
The Armenian genocide is an important event in the history of modern human rights atrocities. The genocide is unfortunately still denied by the majority of Turks in 2021.
From the 1890s through the 1910s, Armenians were asking for some major change such as equal treatment for Christians and Jews under Ottoman law. But this was met with massacre as a punitive act, especially in the 1890s and the early years of the 20th century. When World War I broke out, the ruling elite in Turkey decided they had an opportunity to eliminate the entire Armenian population. It's worth noting that other Christian minority populations, Assyrians and Greeks, were also wiped out. During World War I and its aftermath, about 4 million Christians disappeared from Turkey.
In a series of genocidal massacres repeated in 1895-1896, 1909, 1915-1918, and 1920-1922, the Armenian population of Turkey was annihilated. The combined deportations and massacres during World War I acquired the dimensions of total genocide and was implemented by the Young Turks who had removed Abdul-Hamid from the throne in 1909.
1915-1916: At the orders of Talaat Pasha, he Minister of Interior Affairs in 1915, an estimated 800,000 to 1.2 million Armenian women, children, and elderly or infirm people were sent on death marches leading to the Syrian Desert. Driven forward by paramilitary escorts, the deportees were deprived of food and water and subjected to robbery, rape, and massacre. In the Syrian Desert, they were dispersed into a series of concentration camps; in early 1916 another wave of massacres was ordered, leaving about 200,000 deportees alive by the end of 1916. Around 100,000 to 200,000 Armenian women and children were forcibly converted to Islam and integrated into Muslim households.
Our esteemed editor asked on April 26th: "Why Turkey didn't take the German approach of acknowledging its past sins, attributing them to a previous (and nefarious) regime, and allowing the 'New Turkey' to move on?" The answer is in the next paragraph:
1920-1922: Massacres and ethnic cleansing of Armenian survivors were carried out by the Turkish nationalist movement during the Turkish War of Independence after World War I.
Turkey is successfully colonizing American universities by endowing chairs to professors who would deny the Armenian genocide.
JE comments: Talaat Pasha's 1915 directive is about as close as one can get to the "Wannsee" moment. An Armenian assassin's bullet would be the price he would pay, in 1921. The assassin was acquitted in a Berlin court, on account of insanity provoked by the genocide--a PTSD defense before its time.
A logistics question: how did the (few) surviving Armenians cross over to French-controlled Syria in wartime? The front lines were not as static as Europe's Western Front, but there was still a war zone to content with.