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PostWas Guadalajara a "Sconfitta" for the Italians? (Eugenio Battaglia, Italy, 10/16/20 4:39 am)
Frankly, the word sconfitta for the Italians' stopped advance at Guadalajara, after some territories were conquered, seems rather exaggerated.
Sir Paul Preston (October 14th) is correct in his characterization of the battle, and I thank him for his kindness in answering my question.
All the fuss about the Republican Garibaldi Battalion is just propaganda. Of course they fought, but the following "victory" campaign is the usual victory of words of the Reds.
JE comments: One needs a spreadsheet to organize the various fighting Garibaldis. The "Battalion" fought on the Republican side in the Spanish Civil War. The Garibaldi Brigades were anti-fascist partisans in WWII. The Garibaldi Legion was a Louisiana-based Confederate unit of mostly Italian immigrants in the US Civil War. Another "Legion" was composed of Italians (just 20 or so) who fought for Polish independence during the January Uprising of 1863. Interestingly, then, there were two unrelated Garibaldi Legions fighting on different continents at the same time. My favorite of all is Plaza Garibaldi in Mexico City, the epicenter of mariachi culture. It's a hoot to spend an evening there.