Login/Sign up

World Association of International Studies

Post Land Reform under Mussolini
Created by John Eipper on 08/10/18 7:07 AM

Previous posts in this discussion:


Land Reform under Mussolini (Eugenio Battaglia, Italy, 08/10/18 7:07 am)

When commenting on the excellent post of Istvan Simon, 9 August, our esteemed moderator asked:

"Has there been an example of land reform done right?"

I'll give a loud and clear answer: Mussolini did it!

The two principles of Fascist agrarian reform were collaboration and co-participation.

Only two months after having been nominated prime minister by the king with the overwhelming approval of the Parliament and Senate on 11 January 1923, Mussolini started working on land reform with the following points:

1) Elimination of the "bracciantato"--workers employed on a daily basis without a contract (presently the bracciantato is used, even if theoretically not legal, with undocumented immigrants).

2) The massive recovery of uncultivated lands mostly due to the marshes. More than 100 towns and rural villages considered now (finally) an example of great city planning and architecture were constructed. Some names: Littoria (now Latina), Sabaudia, Pomezia, Aprilia, Pontinia, Guidonia, Acilia, Colleferro, Alberese, Albinia, Arborea, Carbonia, Arsia (Rasa in Istria), etc. The same was done overseas in Dodecaneso (many tourists villages in these Greek Islands were constructed by Fascists), Libya, Somalia, Eritrea (just starting in Ethiopia). Tellingly, Fascist Italy was doing the contrary of what Israel is doing now. The Italians first built Muslim villages with mosques, schools and hospitals (but also for the local Jewish communities), while Israel is destroying villages. The United Nations has made hundreds of resolutions against Israel to no avail.

3) Expropriation with compensation of large unproductive estates.

4) Reaching grain self-sufficiency with the famous "Battaglia del Grano" introducing modern technology.

5) Large-scale reforestation of the mountains.

6) Creation of the agricultural consortia to protect the producers, with special technicians to help them. My wife's uncle was one of the last technicians/instructors in the reclaimed areas of Etruria.

Interestingly, the main figure of the leader of Opera Nazionale Combattenti (ONC) who was in charge of the main projects, the great (always socialist) Andrea di Crollalanza, reconstructed in three months the villages destroyed by an earthquake.  Now after two years in the earthquake-devastated towns we still have rubble in the streets while people remain in temporary lodgings. Crollalanza was famous for completing the work under budget.  Now we go two or three times over, but we are lay, democratic and antifascist.

With the Battaglia del Grano (proclaimed on 20 June 1925), the production of grain in Italy jumped to 81 million quintals. The importation of one-third of the grain requirements ended and we could even export. Agriculture was mechanized with the famous tractors (and threshers) Landini and Super Landini. These were the best in the world at that time, personally used and demonstrated by Mussolini. The US production record of that time was 8.9 quintals per hectare. Under the Battaglia del Grano, this was beaten with a 16.1.  But unfortunately, this history is long in the past.

I could go for more but I do not believe it is necessary, as I mentioned various points that one can research further on one's own.

JE comments:  Nationalized agricultural production campaigns have been notorious failures--think of Soviet collectivization, Cuba's 10 Million Tons of sugar, Mao's bizarre bird-killing schemes, and the list goes on, painfully.  Eugenio Battaglia is famous on WAIS for his rosy view of Mussolini, but how can we be convinced the Battaglia del Grano was different?

Rate this post
Informational value 
Reader Ratings (0)
Informational value0%

Visits: 136


Please login/register to reply or comment: Login/Sign up

Trending Now

All Forums with Published Content (41458 posts)

- Unassigned

Culture & Language

American Indians Art Awards Bestiary of Insults Books Conspiracy Theories Culture Ethics Film Food Futurology Gender Issues Humor Intellectuals Jews Language Literature Media Coverage Movies Music Newspapers Numismatics Philosophy Plagiarism Prisons Racial Issues Sports Tattoos Western Civilization World Communications


Capitalism Economics International Finance World Bank World Economy


Education Hoover Institution Journal Publications Libraries Universities World Bibliography Series


Biographies Conspiracies Crime Decline of West German Holocaust Historical Figures History Holocausts Individuals Japanese Holocaust Leaders Learning Biographies Learning History Russian Holocaust Turkish Holocaust


Afghanistan Africa Albania Algeria Argentina Asia Australia Austria Bangladesh Belgium Belize Bolivia Brazil Canada Central America Chechnya Chile China Colombia Costa Rica Croatia Cuba Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark East Europe East Timor Ecuador Egypt El Salvador England Estonia Ethiopia Europe European Union Finland France French Guiana Germany Greece Guatemala Haiti Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran (Persia) Iraq Ireland Israel/Palestine Italy Japan Jordan Kenya Korea Kosovo Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Latin America Liberia Libya Mali Mexico Middle East Mongolia Morocco Namibia Nations Compared Netherlands New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria North America Norway Pacific Islands Pakistan Palestine Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Polombia Portugal Romania Saudi Arabia Scandinavia Scotland Serbia Singapore Slovakia South Africa South America Southeast Asia Spain Sudan Sweden Switzerland Syria Thailand The Pacific Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan UK (United Kingdom) Ukraine USA (America) USSR/Russia Uzbekistan Venezuela Vietnam West Europe Yemen Yugoslavia Zaire


Balkanization Communism Constitutions Democracy Dictators Diplomacy Floism Global Issues Hegemony Homeland Security Human Rights Immigration International Events Law Nationalism NATO Organizations Peace Politics Terrorism United Nations US Elections 2008 US Elections 2012 US Elections 2016 Violence War War Crimes Within the US


Christianity Hinduism Islam Judaism Liberation Theology Religion

Science & Technology

Alcohol Anthropology Automotives Biological Weapons Design and Architecture Drugs Energy Environment Internet Landmines Mathematics Medicine Natural Disasters Psychology Recycling Research Science and Humanities Sexuality Space Technology World Wide Web (Internet)


Geography Maps Tourism Transportation


1-TRIBUTES TO PROFESSOR HILTON 2001 Conference on Globalizations Academic WAR Forums Ask WAIS Experts Benefactors Chairman General News Member Information Member Nomination PAIS Research News Ronald Hilton Quotes Seasonal Messages Tributes to Prof. Hilton Varia Various Topics WAIS WAIS 2006 Conference WAIS Board Members WAIS History WAIS Interviews WAIS NEWS waisworld.org launch WAR Forums on Media & Research Who's Who