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PostBrecht's "The Resistible Rise of Arturo Ui" (John Heelan, UK, 06/24/18 7:02 am)
One should also not forget Bertold Becht's The Resistible Rise of Arturo Ui, consciously a highly satirical allegory of Hitler's rise to power in Germany and the advent of the National Socialist state.
All the characters and groups in the play had direct counterparts in real life, with Ui representing Hitler, his henchman Ernesto Roma representing Ernst Röhm, the head of the Nazi Brownshirts; Dogsborough representing General von Hindenburg, a hero of World War I and the President of the Weimar Republic (his name is a pun on the German Hund and Burg); Emanuele Giri representing Hermann Göring, a World War I flying ace who was Hitler's second in command; Giuseppe Givola representing the master propagandist Joseph Goebbels; the Cauliflower Trust representing the Prussian Junkers; the fate of the town of Cicero standing for the Anschluss, which brought Austria into the Third Reich" (all from Wikipedia). I seem to remember its being turned either into a film of a TV play.
JE comments: Sometimes allegories are so transparent that they cease to be so, and turn into a roman (film?) à clef. I am reminded of Emmanuel Goldstein (1984) and Leon Trotsky. Is Arturo Ui in this category?
Bertolt Brecht, Stalinist Stooge
(Nigel Jones, UK
06/26/18 4:29 AM)
John Heelan admiringly cites Bertolt Brecht for his satire Arturo Ui on the rise of Hitler.
It shouldn't be forgotten that this old Marxist hack was a Stalinist stooge who ended his days as a pampered pet playwright of Ulbricht's East Germany, a dictatorship as bad in its way as Hitler's.
The now distinctly out-of-fashion BB is nobody's hero, besides which it has been revealed that much of his work was actually written by the unfortunate women in his life!
JE comments: Brecht did pen his wry "dissolve the people and elect another" in response to the East Berlin uprising of 1953 and the government crackdown. Granted, the poem "Die Lösung" (The Solution) long remained unpublished.
What do we know about Brecht's popularity in Germany today? Is he totally passé, or has he benefited from the Ostalgie sentiment? (I wonder: is Ostalgie itself passé?)
Is Brecht Still Popular In Germany?
(Patrick Mears, Germany
06/26/18 9:59 AM)
In response to Nigel Jones's post, I can say that Bertolt Brecht is still very popular here in Germany.
Since moving here in 2014, my wife (who is an admirer of the writer) and I have attended performances in Heidelberg of St. Joan of the Stockyards and The Good Person of Szechuan and also a performance of the Brecht/Weill musical, The Rise and Fall of the City of Mahagonny, at the Deutsche Oper in Berlin. His plays are often performed on a regular basis by the Berliner Ensemble, which Brecht and his wife, Helene Weigel, founded in East Berlin in 1949.
I have also visited since moving here the Brecht-Haus on the Chausseestraße in Berlin, which served as his residence from 1953 to 1956. This structure contains his archives and a small museum containing his furniture, books, etc. Brecht is buried close to the rear of his former East Berlin home in a small cemetery. His birth house in Augsburg is also a museum. By all accounts and my observations since coming here, Brecht is still very popular in Germany notwithstanding his embrace of the DDR and its institutions after World War II and after he left the United States in October, 1947, which occurred shortly after he was interrogated by the House Committee on Un-American Activities („HUAC") in Washington, D.C. . Here is a link to the transcript of his testimony before that committee of the U.S. House of Representatives.
My first exposure to Brecht, however, was when I maybe 10 years old and would watch The Ernie Kovacs Show. For those of you who remember this variety and comic program, it was very eccentric with witty humor that was not always conveyed in words but often by "dumb show." One sketch, a favorite of mine, that often appeared on the show was a recording of "Mack the Knife" from the 1931 film of Three Penny Opera directed by G.W. Pabst. This work, first performed on the Berlin stage in 1928, qualifies as the work that made Brecht and Weill famous. The song, as sung in the film by a beggar showman in the London slums, was tracked by an oscilloscope on the television screen and in the background would be a series of comic dumb shows performed by Kovacs and his cast, which included the singer and his wife, Edie Adams.
After graduating from Michigan Law School and moving to New York City, I considered myself very fortunate to attend performances of Three Penny Opera, which opened in 1976 at the Vivian Beaumont Theater and was produced by Joseph Papp, and Happy End, another Brecht-Weill musical, which was performed the following year at the Martin Beck Theatre and featured the then-newcomer to the theater, Meryl Streep.
An informative book about Brecht and his exile in the United States from 1941 to 1947 is titled Bertolt Brecht in America by James K. Lyon and published in 1980 by Princeton University Press, which I found by burrowing through the stacks at King's Books in downtown Detroit.
JE comments: So much wisdom in one massive bookstore! (I think I have shared with WAISworld that John King-Detroit is indirectly responsible for my coming to WAIS.)
Pat Mears is clearly an expert on Brecht. Many thanks, Pat.
- Bertolt Brecht and the DDR (John Heelan, UK 06/27/18 4:25 AM)
Nigel Jones (26 June) misunderstands me.
I was "admiring" the parody of the humour in Brecht's "Arturo Ui," not the writer himself, having been behind the Berlin Wall (aka the Anti-Fascist Protection Rampart) and personally experiencing the scariness of Ulbricht's dictatorship and the influence of the Stasi.
No doubt a Stasi file still exists on my trip to give lectures to the James Bond-sounding East German Import/Export Agency--see my report titled "Beyond Checkpoint Charlie" written some years ago.
JE comments: Here is John Heelan's 2009 report on his time in the DDR. I had the chance to visit John's destination, the socialist "time capsule" town of Eisenhuttenstadt, some years later (2012). It was beautiful in its very bleakness--bleak chic? We Detroiters appreciate such things.
Anti-Fascist Protection Rampart--this is a euphemism for the ages. Mr Trump should take notice for his border wall...why not call it a rampart?
- Bertolt Brecht and the DDR (John Heelan, UK 06/27/18 4:25 AM)
- Is Brecht Still Popular In Germany? (Patrick Mears, Germany 06/26/18 9:59 AM)