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PostJerusalem, Saul, David, and Solomon (Robert Gard, USA, 12/26/17 3:35 pm)
According to the history I have read, the ancestors of the Jewish people were independent semi-nomadic tribes living in the Canaan hills before Saul's son David brought them closer together as a kingdom and established his capital (the City of David, adjacent to Jerusalem) not long after 1000 BC.
Following the death of David's son, Solomon, the kingdom was split into two--Israel in the north, with nine tribes, and Judah in the south, with three tribes and Jerusalem as its capital.
JE comments: It's been a year since Robert Gard last checked in. Best to you, Robert, for the Holidays and for a marvelous 2018!